Ngorongoro Crater and Conservation Area

Wildebeest in Ngorongoro Crater

Large numbers of wildebeest visit Ngorongoro Crater during the migration.

Ngorongoro Crater.

Ngorongoro Crater in northern Tanzania is a natural amphitheater with a diameter of 19.2 kilometers, a depth of 610 meters and covers an area of 304 square kilometers. The crater is at the heart of Ngorongoro Conservation Area (N.C.A.) and was recently voted as one of the ‘seven wonders of Africa’.

Ngorongoro Crater is where you are likely to catch glimpses of rhino. The rhino population has successfully increased as a direct result of anti-poaching strategies but are now once again under threat.

Lions in Ngorongoro Crater number five prides of between 10 and 20 animals, each pride defending its own territory.

Old bull elephants descend to the floor of Ngorongoro Crater to find food. Their destruction of yellow acacia trees is much in evidence, especially near the picnic site.

A mixture of habitats, including forest, canyons, grasslands, plains, lakes and marshes are home to an abundance of bird species.


4X4 game drives within Ngorongoro Crater, camping and hiking around the crater rim.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Bursting with wildlife, the Ngorongoro Conservation area lies between the Great Rift Valley and the Serengeti Plains.  The area is claimed to be the ‘cradle of mankind’ after traces of early man were found.

A vast 8,000 square kilometers of varying habitats virtually guarantees sightings of the ‘big five’ – lion, rhino, elephant, leopard and buffalo.

The Ngorongoro plains play a vital part in the annual wildebeest migration as it is here that the calf’s are born before heading into the Serengeti in search of fresh grass.

The reserve has pioneered multiple land use, integrating Maasai pastoralists, conservation and tourism.

Millions of years ago nine volcanoes were formed in the Ngorongoro highlands. The very climbable Oldonyo Lengai (Mountain of God) is still active.

Footprints found preserved in volcanic ash at Laetoli and fragments of early man at Olduvai gorge, have made the Conservation Area palaeontologically and archeologically important.


Visiting Olduvai Gorge, crater highland hiking, visiting a Maasai boma and bush walking with a local Maasai guide.